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Jan 26, 2013

Father of the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee was born in London, England, in 1955. He holds a B.A. in physics from Oxford University (1976).

While working as an independent contractor at the European high-energy physics laboratory (CERN) in 1980, Berners-Lee built a prototype system for document sharing among researchers based on hypertext called ENQUIRE. In 1989, he had a new proposal, written with the help of Robert Cailliau, based on combining hypertext with the Internet, which he called the "World Wide Web." The world's first website, at CERN, went online August 6, 1991.
The Web proposal was based on a system of globally unique identifiers for resources, the HTML publishing language, and the use of HTTP. The turning point came in 1993 with the introduction of the free Mosaic web browser, which allowed images to be displayed alongside text, unlike the other hypertext systems then in existence. That same year, CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to everyone.

In 1994, Berners-Lee left CERN and founded the World Wide Web Consortium at MIT, a group of member organizations, including vendors, willing to create standards for the Web. In 2004, he was knighted for his pioneering work.

Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist, invented the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989, while working at CERN. The web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automated information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world.

A short history of the Web here .
Sir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee, (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989, and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the Internet sometime around mid-November of that same year.

Berners-Lee is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which oversees the Web's continued development. He is also the founder of the World Wide Web Foundation, and is a senior researcher and holder of the Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). He is a director of the Web Science Research Initiative (WSRI), and a member of the advisory board of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence.

Please watch the YouTube video here .



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